Аннотация и ключевые слова
Аннотация (русский):
Abstract Objective: to demonstrate methodological importance for social and humanitarian studies to differentiate content of the notions “society”, “culture” and “civilization”. Methods: content and logical analysis, interpretation, comparison, generalization, theoretical deduction. Results: It is asserted that the notions “society”, “culture” and “civilization” have different but connected contents. The notion “society” reflects sociality as the unity of universal attributes, such as producing activity, consciousness and social norms. Society is considered as the process and the result of joint activity of individuals engaged in socio-cultural mastering of the world. The notion “culture” distinguishes the abstract attributes of sociality from the concrete historical forms of their existence and manifestation in real space-time conditions. In the sense of “stage” the notion “civilization” refers to that period of human history when social structure, state and laws emerged. In the sense of “level” it marks different degrees in the universal process of improving the attributes of sociality, obtained by particular subject of culture. Civilization is considered as the actual level of development and the continuous process of improvement of the universal attributes of sociality in any particular form of cultural specificity. Scientific novelty: for the first time content of the notions “society”, “culture” and “civilization” is considered as different but linked together by the attributes of sociality. Practical significance: the main conclusions of the article can be used in social and humanitarian studies of socio-cultural reality.

Ключевые слова:
Society, Culture, Civilization, Attributes of Sociality
Список литературы

1. Monson P. Sovremennaya zapadnaya sociologiya: teorii, tradicii, perspektiv (Modern western sociology: theories, traditions, prospects). Saint Petersburg: Notabene, 1992. 445 s. (in Russian)

2. Kelle V.ZH., Koval’zon M.YA. Teoriya i istoriya: (Problemy teorii istoricheskogo processa) (Theory and history: (Problems of the theory of historical process). Moscow: Politizdat, 1981. 288 p. (in Russian)

3. Luman N. Ponyatie obshchestva (Concept of society). Sb.: Problemy teoreticheskoj sociologii. Saint Petersburg, 1994. P. 25-42. (in Russian)

4. Alekseev V. P. Stanovlenie chelovechestva (Formation of mankind). Moscow: Politizdat, 1984. 462 p. (in Russian)

5. Istoriya pervobytnogo obshchestva. EHpoha klassoobrazovaniya (History of primitive society. Klassoobrazovaniye era). Moscow: Nauka, 1988. 568 p. (in Russian)

6. Semenov YU. I. Na zare chelovecheskoj istorii (At the beginning of human history). Moscow: Mysl’, 1989. 320 p. (in Russian)

7. Cafagna A. C. A Formal Analysis of Definitions of «Culture». In Dole, G. E.& Carneiro R. L. (Eds.). Essays in the Science of Culture. In Honor Leslie A. White (Pp. 111-132). New York, N. Y.: Springer, 1960

8. Chernyakova N. S. The ordinary and scientific content of the notion culture. Advanced Studies in Science: Theory and Practice. The Collection of Scholarly Papers. Volume ΙΙ. P. 42-48. London, 2015

9. Fevr L. Civilizaciya: ehvolyuciya slova i gruppy idej. Fevr L. Boi za istoriyu (Civilization: evolution of the word and group of the ideas. Febvre L. Fights for history). Moscow: Nauka, 1991.P. 239-281. (in Russian)

10. Spengler O. Zakat Evropy. Ocherki morfologii mirovoj istorii. 1. Geshtal’t i dejstvitel’nost’ (Decline of Europe. Sketches of morphology of world history. 1. Gestalt and reality). Moscow: Mysl’, 1993. 663 p. (in Russian)

11. Spengler O. Zakat Evropy. Ocherki morfologii mirovoj istorii. 2.Vsemirno-istoricheskie perspektivy (Decline of Europe. Sketches of morphology of world history. 2. World-wide and historical prospects). Moscow: Mysl’, 1998. 606 p. (in Russian)

12. Zimmel’ G. Izbrannoe. Tom 1. Filosofiya kul’tury (Philosophy of culture). Moscow: YUrist, 1996. 671p. (in Russian)

13. Spengler O. Zakat Evropy. Ocherki morfologii mirovoj istorii. 1. Geshtal’t i dejstvitel’nost’ (Decline of Europe. Sketches of morphology of world history. 1. Gestalt and reality)

14. Huntington Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. N. Y.: Simon and Schuster, 1996. 410 p

15. Huntington Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations? URL: http://users.metu.edu.tr/utuba/Huntington.pdf (date of the address: 11.02.2017)

16. Avakyan L. A. «Mif o civilizacii» v polemike G.-P. Dyurra i N. EHliasa (“The myth about civilization” in polemic of G.-P. of Dyurr and N. Elias). Vestnik of Leningrad State University named after A. S. Pushkin. 2016. No. 1. P. 85-92. (in Russian)

17. EHngel’s F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoj sobstvennosti i gosudarstva (Origin of a family, private property and state). Marks K., EHngel’s F. Izbrannye sochineniya. V 9-ti t. T.6. Moscow: Politizdat, 1987. P. 105-243. (in Russian)

18. Istoriya drevnego mira (Ancient history). M.: Nauka: Glavnaya redakciya vostochnoj literatury izd-va, 1989. [Kn.1] Rannyaya drevnost’ (Early antiquity). 470 p. (in Russian)

Войти или Создать
* Забыли пароль?